7 Evans, Vyvyan 9998 Acts of meaning Edinburgh Edinburgh University Press Cognitive Linguistics 31 Evans, Vyvyan Bergen, Benjamin K. Zinken, Jörg 9998 Blending basics Equinox Publishers Cognitive Linguistics 31 Sinha, Chris 9998 Discourse in cognitive grammar Geeraerts, Dirk Cuyckens, Hubert Hanbook of cognitive linguistics Oxford Oxford University Press Cognitive Linguistics Overview of development of psychology2nd cognitive revolution 31 Geeraerts, Dirk Cuyckens, Hubert 9998 Metaphor and metonymy in comparison and contrast Oxford Oxford University Press Cognitive Linguistics 7 Evans, Vyvyan Green, Melanie 9998 Radical construction grammar: Syntactic theory in typological perspective Edinburgh Edinburgh University Press Cognitive Linguistics 31 Hudson, Richard 9998 Spaces, worlds, and grammar Geeraerts, Dirk Cuyckens, Hubert Handbook of cognitive linguistics Oxford Oxford University Press Cognitive Linguistics "Language is a conceptual network." for instance lexicon is organized in this way as opposed to a dictionary-style list - no distinction between lexicon and other types of Generalizations.The descriptive network of Word Grammar is a graph containing nodes and lines.Networks are open, links can be entrenched, modularity (of Chomsky and Fodor is impossible). Re modularity: mentions distinction between dictionary and an encyclopedia."knowledge of language is entirely declarative (rather than procedural)" re. 1990 where he also tackles declarativeness"Language use involves activation of the network and even the creation of new nodes and links (i.e. learning). But the Network Postulate distinguishes this activity conceptually from the network to which it is applied. "Same rules are applied to phonology and syntax (all levels of linguistic description)Inheritance is essential, e.g. concept and superconcept:"The advantage of invoking default inheritance as an explanation of prototype effects is that it removes the need to assume that concepts are themselves fuzzy (Sweetser 1987). Rightly or wrongly, the structure of a Word Grammar network is crystal clear and fully 'digital' (except for degrees of entrenchment and activation). "Best-fit principle of classification"Classify any item of experience so as to maximise the amount of relevant inherited information and to minimise the number of exceptions."Nodes on network are classified: isa, wife, name, meaning (meanings are separate from words), subjectUses dependencies and valencesNodes are defined by their links no labels are necessaryNo distinction between lexicon and grammar: "There is no basis, therefore, for distinguishing the lexicon from the grammar in terms of levels of Generality, because Generality varies continuously throughout the hierarchy."Morphology is treated separately in contrast to Langacker who sees a continuum."In Word Grammar, then, the word is linked to its phonological realisation only via the morpheme, just as it is linked to the semantic structure only via the single concept that acts as its sense."Word grammar also includes sociological and other information since it does not distinguish between lexicon and encyclopedia.Word grammar can help account for learning, given that it uses a dependency rather than a constituent syntax. Given that 70% of words are dependent on the word next to them, this is very useful. (|How about German prefixes and such?) 7 Turner, Mark 2005 From etymology to pragmatics : metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure Brno Host 278 8072941305 metaphor literary criticism cognitive linguistics MetBib Původní publikace 1996; Původní titul: Literary mind, Překlad Olga Trávníčková 31 Kövecses, Zoltán 2005 Making good psychology out of blending theory Cambridge Cambridge University Press 0521844479 Cognitive Linguistics To what extent and in what ways is metaphorical thought relevant to an understanding of culture and society? Can the cognitive linguistic view of metaphor simultaneously explain universality and diversity in metaphorical thought? Cognitive linguists have done important work on universal aspects of metaphor, but they have paid less attention to why metaphors vary both interculturally and intraculturally as extensively as they do. This book proposes a new theory of metaphor variation. Firstly, the major dimensions of metaphor variation are identified; that is, those social and cultural boundaries that signal discontinuities in human experience. Secondly, the book describes which components, or aspects, of conceptual metaphor are involved in metaphor variation, and how they are involved. Thirdly, it isolates the main causes of metaphor variation. Lastly, it deals with the issue of the degree of cultural coherence in the interplay among conceptual metaphors, embodiment, and causes of metaphor variation. 7 Lakoff, George 2004 A metaphor in search of a source domain: The categories of Slavic aspect. White River Junction, Vt. Chelsea Green 1931498717 (pbk. alk. pa JA85.2.U6 L35 2004320.51 Cognitive Linguistics by George Lakoff.Theory & application -- Framing 101 -- Right wing power grab -- What's in a word? -- Metaphors of terror -- Metaphor and war, again -- Betrayal of trust : beyond lying -- From theory to action -- Q&A -- How to respond to conservatives. 0 Janda, Laura A. 2004 Handbook of cognitive linguistics Cognitive Linguistics 15 471 Cognitive Linguistics 31 Dirven, Ren Verspoor, Marjolijn 2004 Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads : a cognitive perspective John Benjamins 003699333 Cognitive Linguistics edited by RenLooks at language from the perspective of "expressing ideas and thoughts" Doesn't incorporate some of the most recent theories but basically takes a traditional structure of an intro to linguistics and gives cognitively-motivate answers. 31 Taylor, John R. 2004 The construal of space in language and thought Radden, Gunther Panther, Klaus-Uwe Studies in linguistic motivation Berlin; New York Mouton de Gruyter 49-74 Cognitive Linguistics "According to Cognitive Grammar, the grammar of a language can be characterized as a structured inventory of conventional linguistic units." - units are not encapsulated "chunks of information" rather "each unit stands at the hub of a network of relations to other units."Three types of relations: schema and its more fully specified instances; part and the whole in which it features; similarityThis paper focuses on constructions "defined as linguistic structures which ar analusable into component parts" - they are motivated through relations to other units in the language; these relations "cummulatively create a 'niche' for the construction within the language system" (| cf. Sinclair & Hunston - local grammars) - gives examples of the bang goes construction. 7 Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida 2003 Conceptual grouping and pronominal anaphora Planet communication Berlin Mouton de Gruyter xvi, 206p 311017703X; 3110177048 ( Leeds Cognitive Linguistics 23 cm 7 Shull, Sarah 2003 Cognitive linguistics, language pedagogy and the English present tense Peter Rehder Slavistische beitr M Otto Sagner Cognitive Linguistics Aims to demonstrate a semantic unity of verbal prefixes in Slavic languages. Connection between spatial and abstract prefixation applying a cognitive linguistic approach. Used elicited speech samples in Prague and St. Pete. Respondents shown movies. Concludes that prefixes and prepositions are systematic. Identifies primary (source, path, goal), secondary (proximity, contact, contain) and tertiary (direct, contour, encircle) semantic features.Some prefixes are better empty perfectivizers because they do not carry as much inferential baggage as others. They will be perceived as empty only if there is significant semantic overlap between the meaning of the verb and the prefix.Disagrees with Janda about nature of space/cognitive space. 0 Janda, Laura A. 2003 Editorial statement Slavic and East European Journal 47 251-281 Cognitive Linguistics 31 Gavins, Joanna Steen, Gerard 2003 Language and ideology London Routledge xii, 188 p 041527799X (pbk); 041527 Birmingham ; Edinburgh ; Cognitive Linguistics 24 cmIncludes bibliographical references and indexPapers by Gibbs, Tsur, Stockwell, etc. 7 Taylor, John R. 2003 Metonymy in language and thought Oxford textbooks in linguistics Oxford Oxford University Press xv, 308 p 0199266646 (pbk) Durham ; National Librar Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 25 cmIncludes bibliographical references and index Previous ed.: 1995 31 Lakoff, George Johnson, Mark 2003 Metaphor: Universality and variation Chicago; London University of Chicago Press xiii, 276 p 0226468372 Cognitive Linguistics Metaphor 21 cmIncludes bibliographical references Originally published: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1980New afterword 7 Wierzbicka, Anna 2003 The new psychology of language : cognitive and functional approaches to language structure Berlin Mouton de Gruyter 003670076 Cognitive Linguistics 0 Zinken, Jörg 2003 Toward a theory of cognitive poetics Discourse and Society 14 507-523 Metaphor Discourse Analysis Political science Ideology Cognitive Linguistics CMT This article explores the role that metaphors play in the ideological interpretation of events. Research in cognitive linguistics has brought rich evidence of the enormous influence that body experience has on (metaphorical) conceptualization. However, the role of the cultural net in which an individual is embedded has mostly been neglected. As a step towards the integration of cultural experience into the experientialist framework in cognitive metaphor research I propose to differentiate two ideal types of motivation for metaphor: correlation and intertextuality. Evidence for the important role that intertextual metaphors play in ideological discourse comes from an analysis of Polish newspaper discourse on the tenth anniversary of the end of communism. 7 Lakoff, George 2002 A user-friendly conceptualization of Chicago University of Chicago Press xv, 471 0226467708 (cloth)022646 Hn90.m6 l34 2002 Cognitive Linguistics 2001051052Gba2-48836George Lakoff.Includes bibliographical references (p. [427]-451) and index. 7 Richardson, Alan Steen, Francis F. 2002 A usage-base model Poetics today ; v. 23, no. 1, Spring 2002 Durham, N.C. Duke University Press 03335372 Aberdeen Cognitive Linguistics Periodical 7 Taylor, John R. 2002 Bridges between generative and cognitive linguistics Oxford linguistics Oxford Oxford University Press xii, 621 p 0198700334 (pbk) National Library of Scot Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 25 cmIncludes bibliographical references and index 7 Stockwell, Peter 2002 Cognitive linguistics, language pedagogy and the English present tense London ; New York Routledge x, 193 p 0415258944 (hbk); 041525 Aberdeen ; Birmingham ; Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 25 cmIncludes bibliographical references (p. [177]-187) and index 31 Janda, Laura A. 2002 Cognitive poetics in practice Krausov, A. Slezkov, M. Svobodov, Z. Setkání s ceÅ¡tinou Praha Ãstav pro jazyk Cognitive Linguistics 31 Tsur, Reuven 2002 Cognitive stylistics : language and cognition in text analysis Semino, Elena Culpeper, Jonathan Cognitive stylistics: Language and cognition in text analysis Amsterdam; Philadelphia John Benjamins 279-318 Cognitive Linguistics Cognitive poetics "offers cognitive theories that systematically account for the relationship between the structure of literary texts and their perceived effects." as a response to "impressionist critics" who "indulge in the effects of literary texts, but have difficulties of relating the their structures" and "structuralist critics who excel in the description of the structure of literary texts, but it is not always clear what the human significance is of these texts, or how their perceived effects can be accounted for." (p. 379)"During the past sixty years or so, the word 0 Sinha, Chris 2002 Death is the mother of beauty : mind, metaphor, criticism Cognitive Linguistics 13 271-276 Cognitive Linguistics Embodiment 7 Fauconnier, Gilles Turner, Mark 2002 Grammar in mind and brain: Explorations in cognitive syntax New York Basic Books xvii, 440 046508785X (alk. paper) Bf443 .f38 2002 Cognitive Linguistics 2001052925Gilles Fauconnier, Mark Turner.Includes bibliographical references (p. 407-423) and index.Reviewed in Metaphor and Symbol 2004 pp. 83-88, 19:1, by Charles Forceville - criticising the book for delivering less than promised and being a little too self-congratulatory but offering a solid framework which needs to be tested over time 31 Semino, Elena Culpeper, Jonathan 2002 Grammar and conceptualization Linguistic approaches to literature ; v. 1 Amsterdam John Benjamins xvi, 333 p 9027233322 (pbk); 158811 Glasgow Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 23 cmIncludes bibliographical references and indexesIn Foreword 7 Lakoff, George Johnson, Mark 2002 Metaphor: A practical introduction Brno Host 282 8072940716 cognitive linguistics conceptual metaphor theory MetBib Czech translation of 'Metaphors we live by' 31 Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Barbara Turewicz, Kamila 2002 Philosophy in the flesh: the embodied mind and its challenge to Western thought Frankfurt am Main Peter Lang 003670662 Cognitive Linguistics edited by Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, Kamila Turewicz 7 Kövecses, Zoltán 2002 The poetics of mind : figurative thought, language, and understanding Oxford Oxford University Press xvi, 285 p. 0195145119 (pbk); 019514 Birmingham Cognitive Linguistics 24 cm.Includes bibliographical references 7 Gentner, Dedre Holyoak, Keith J. Kokinov, Boicho N. 2001 Cognitive exploration of language and linguistics MIT Press 003673836 Cognitive Linguistics edited by Dedre Gentner, Keith J. Holyoak and Boich N. KokinovIntroduction 7 Turner, Mark 2001 Cognitive poetics : an introduction Oxford, UK ; New York Oxford University Press vi, 183 p. 0195139046 (alk. paper) H61 .T97 2001300 Cognitive Linguistics Mark Turner.ill. ; 25 cm. 31 Gentner, Dedre Bowdle, Brian F. Wolff, Phillip Boronat, Consuelo 2001 Cognitive exploration of language and linguistics Gentner, Dedre Holyoak, Keith J. Kokinov, Boicho N. The analogical mind: perspectives from cognitive science Cambridge, Mass.; London MIT Press 199-253 Cognitive Linguistics "surprisingly little is known about how metaphors are psychologically processed" p. 199Metaphor can be modeled as inter-domain mappings for novel but not for conventional metaphors which can be better captured by models from analogy.They propose a theory 'the career of metaphor'"how metaphoric representation changes as a metaphor evolves from novel to conventional."Describe types of theories: localist vs. domain-mapping (incl. some problems with Lakoff's strong invariance claims)Possibilities of domain mapping:-projective mapping (creates new meaning)-structural parallelism (metaphors reflect parallel semantic domain)-cognitive archeology (systematic metaphors are mapped as large-scale conceptual systems)-local lexical relations (simple polysemies adn homphonies) <-- weakest theory 31 Tyler, Andrea Evans, Vyvyan 2001 Cognitive linguistics and poetics of translation P Niemeier, Susanne Dirven, Ren Applied cognitive linguistics Berlin Mouton de Gruyter 1 63-108 Cognitive Linguistics -re 4 non-termporal functions of tense"The difficulty for language teachers, and one we have faced ourselves in classroom settings, is how to insightfully present the non-termporal uses associated with tense." (p. 64) (|but is that really the greatest difficulty?)- re analysis of how non-temporal uses of the tense are presented in grammar books"In sum, the typical ESL student appears to be presented with a partial list of uses of English tense, rather than a unified model, along with the advice that memorization of the arbitrary patterns is the best policy as there is no systematicity in the various non-temporal uses."We believe that insights from cognitive linguistics have real merit in offering more systematic, motivated accounts of how English works."(p. 98) - they admit that the explanation presented "would be largely inappropriate for language learners or even many language teachers." (p. 98)"further research is required in order to develop materials, based upon the foregoing proposals, which teachers could present in a classroom setting. Such must be the aim of cognitively oriented applied linguists." (p. 98-99) 0 Langacker, Ronald W. 2001 Don't think of an elephant!: know your values and frame the debate: the essential guide for progressives Cognitive Linguistics 12 143-188 Cognitive Linguistics 7 Pütz, Martin Niemeier, Susanne Dirven, René 2001 Foundations of cognitive grammar Cognitive linguistics research 19 Berlin ; New York Mouton de Gruyter 3110172216; 3110172224 Durham Cognitive Linguistics Contents: I. Theory and language acquisition -- II. Language pedagogy 7 Thagard, Paul 2001 Literature and the cognitive revolution Praha Portál Cognitive Linguistics 7 Lee, David 2001 Metaphors we live by Melbourne ; Oxford Oxford University Press xiii, 223 p 0195514246 UCL (University College Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 23 cmIncludes bibliographical references and index 31 Langacker, Ronald W. 2001 On the nature of syntactic irregularity P Niemeier, Susanne Dirven, Ren Berlin Mouton de Gruyter 3-40 Cognitive Linguistics See scanned article 31 Fauconnier, Gilles 2001 Polysemy in cognitive linguistics : current issues in linguistic theory Gentner, Dedre Holyoak, Keith J. Kokinov, Boicho N. The analogical mind: Perspectives from cognitive science Cambridge, Mass.; London MIT Press Cognitive Linguistics 0 Lakoff, George 2001 Sémantika pádu v Artificial Intelligence 195–209 Cognitive Linguistics 0 Gibbs, Raymond W. 2000 A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics Cognitive Linguistics 11 347-358 Cognitive Linguistics 7 Talmy, Leonard 2000 Discourse and perspective in cognitive linguistics4. Current issues in linguistic theory Cambridge, Mass.; London MIT Press Cognitive Linguistics Corpus Linguistics ill. 23cmVol I 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 2000 Moral politics : how liberals and conservatives think Essen LAUD 40 Cognitive Linguistics 31 Kemmer, Suzanne Barlow, Michael 2000 The analogical mind : perspectives from cognitive science Kemmer, Suzanne Barlow, Michael Usage-based models of language. Stanford CSLI Publications. Cognitive Linguistics 7 Lakoff, George Núñez, Rafael E. 2000 Women, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind New York Basic Books xvii, 493 0465037704 5148814 QA141.15 .L37 2000510 Cognitive Linguistics 00034216George Lakoff, Rafael E. Núñez.Includes bibliographical references (p. 453-472) and index. 7 Lakoff, George Johnson, Mark 1999 A usage-based conception of language New York Basic Books xiv, 624 0465056733 (acid-free pa 4281795 BD418.3 .L35 1999128 Cognitive Linguistics 98037113George Lakoff and Mark Johnson.Includes bibliographical references (p. 584-601) and index. 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 1999 As advertised: A review of The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences Cognitive linguistics research ; 14 Berlin ; New York Mouton de Gruyter xiii, 427 3110166046 (pbk. alk. pa 4830051 P165 .L363 2000415 Cognitive Linguistics 99033328Ronald W. Langacker.Includes bibliographical references (p. [401]-418) and index. 0 Va 1999 Cognitive grammar Slovo a slovesnost 60 214-215 Cognitive Linguistics Polish Linguistics Informace o některých polských kognitivně lingvistických pracech 0 Vaňková, Irena 1999 Linguistic categorization : prototypes in linguistic theory Slovo a slovesnost 60 283-292 philosophy Cognitive Linguistics Czech Linguistics Nárys srovnání kognitivního a fenomenologického přístupu k jazyku 31 Narayan, Srini 1999 Metaphors we live by Proceedings of the national Conference on Artificial Intelligence AAAI-99 Orlando, FL Cognitive Linguistics 31 Panther, Klaus-Uwe Radden, G 1999 More than cool reason : a field guide to poetic metaphor Amsterdam; Philadelphia John Benjamins Cognitive Linguistics edited by Klaus-Uwe Panther, G©*nter Radden23 cmWorkshop on Metonymy (1996 : Hamburg) 31 Newmeyer, Frederick J. 1999 Where mathematics comes from: how the embodied mind brings mathematics into being de Stadler, Leon Eyrich, Christoph Issues in cognitive linguistics: 1993 proceedings of the International Cognitive Linguistics Conference Berlin; New York Mouton de Gruyter 3-22 Cognitive Linguistics Many concepts have equivalents e.g. iconicityNot all generative linguistics presuppose model-theoretical semantics e.g. Chomsky or Jackendoff (example of autonomous syntax and nonobjectivist semantics going well together)GG and CG are not "notational variants" but are "considerably closer than is Generally thought"GL and CL are united in "cognitive commitmet" but often cite opposing research from other cognitive sciences which are "riddled with disputes"Even the autonomy of syntax may not be as contentious as it might appear since it does not entail a) there can be no commonalities and b) there is a high degree of arbitrariness between form and meaning. Also showing that there is motivation and relatedness does not proove that autonomy is false.Also suggests a modular treatment of Lakoff's analysis of perceptual deicticp. 14 Compares current state in CL to early transformational grammars: "Early generative grammarians were so enamoured of transformational rules that they typically ignored obvious nonsysntactic...explanations for unacceptability." Maybe in CL, a similar "over-appeal to cognition-based explanations" exists "with a downplaying of the role of principles grounded in discourse and communication"Removing distinction between grammar and lexicon more point of emphasis than theory. Similarly distinction between pragmatics and semantics has also been rejected by Jackendoff.Further convergence between GL and CL can be seen with the Minimalist Program where "all central grammatical principles apply directly on the surface or at the level where grammar interfaces with meaning; language particular variation is restricted to the lexicon. The de-emphasizing of the computational system in favor of the lexicon is a step in the direction of cognitive linguistics." (p. 15)His other two proposals of potential similarity need further investigation, although there is something to them:p. 4 "Generative and cognitive linguistics are both true, describing different aspects of cognitive functioning. This could be effected in two ways: 1. The child acquires the structures and principles of both theories 'side-by-side'. 2. Generative and cognitive linguistics describe different levels of the same reality."Option 1 has some support from developmental psychology while Option 2 is appealing but it is difficult to see how those levels would be defined since we cannot even agree on what that 'same reality' would be. Unlike, for instance, physics - where Newton and Einstein and Quantum Mechanics can be treated in the same way; (|Comparing Pinker and Aitchinson or Lakoff would show both the deep divide and similarities; also it seems that few on either side of the debate have taken up his call for mutual understanding - Jackendoff and Talmy being the exceptions - as well as many researchers dealing with particulars rather than theoretical problems) 7 Hudson, Richard 1998 Conceptual blending and analogy London; New York Routledge Cognitive Linguistics Richard Hudsonill. 25cm pbkPreface: book for students of English grammar as own language, used e.g. in undergrad courses. Reasons to learn English grammar:Low on terminology. Only terms needed for analysis are used.p. 2 * increase awareness, * improve writing * make learning other languages easy "Languages tend to have rather similar grammars."Chapters:p. 5 "communication is really rather difficult, and miscommunication all too easy" 7 Tomasello, Michael 1998 Cognitive grammar and the structure of Dutch 'uit' and Polish 'wy' Mahwah, NJ; London Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 003675498 Cognitive Linguistics edited by Michael Tomasello 31 Dirven, René Verspoor, Marjolijn H. 1998 The orthography wars: Linguistic authority, language ideology, and metaphor in Czech spelling reform Cognitive linguistics in practice ; v. 1 Amsterdam ; Philadelphia John Benjamins xiii, 300 p 902721901X; 9027219028 ( Birmingham ; Edinburgh ; Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 23 cmBibliography includedIncludes bibliographical references (p. [279]-288) and index 7 Fauconnier, Gilles 1997 Cognitive approaches to lexical semantics Cambridge, U.K. ; New York, NY, USA Cambridge University Press ix, 205 052146062X (hardcover)05 Bf463.m4 f38 1997 Cognitive Linguistics 96023820Gilles Fauconnier.Includes bibliographical references (p. [193]-201) and index. 31 Lakoff, George 1997 Cognitive linguistics as a continuation of the Jakobsonian tradition: the semantics of Russian and Czech reflexives Stein, Dan J. Cognitive Science and the Unconscious Washington, DC American Psychiatric Press 89-120 Cognitive Linguistics 31 Liebert, Wolf-Andreas Redeker, Gisela Waugh, Linda R. 1997 Metafory, kterými žijeme John Benjamins Cognitive Linguistics edited by Wolf-Andreas Liebert, Gisela Redeker, Linda Waugh23 cmInternational Cognitive Linguistics Conference (4th : 1995 : Albuquerque, N.M.) 7 Wierzbicka, Anna 1997 Úvod do kognitivní vědy: Mysl a myšlení Oxford Oxford University Press Cognitive Linguistics Anna Wierzbicka24cm cased 7 Lakoff, George 1996 A geography of case semantics : the Czech dative and the Russian instrumental Chicago University of Chicago Press xi, 413 0226467961 (cloth alk. p 3569848 HN90.M6 L35 1996172 Cognitive Linguistics 95047690George Lakoff.Includes bibliographical references (p. [389]-413). 7 Turner, Mark 1996 Cognitive linguistics, psychology and cognitive science New York ; Oxford Oxford University Press viii, 187p 0195104110 (cloth) Cambridge ; Glasgow ; Ki Cognitive Linguistics Includes bibliographical references and index 31 P Dirven, Ren 1996 Foundations of cognitive grammar Berlin Mouton de Gruyter 003656195 Cognitive Linguistics edited by Martin Putz and Rene Dirven 31 Langacker, Ronald W. 1996 How unconscious metaphorical thought shapes dreams Fox, Barbara A. Studies in Anaphora Amsterdam John Benjamins Publishing Company 334-378 Cognitive Linguistics 31 Fauconnier, Gilles Turner, Mark 1996 Issues in cognitive linguistics: 1993 proceedings of the International Cognitive Linguistics Conference Goldberg, Adele Conceptual structure, discourse and language Stanford CSLI Publications. 113-130 Cognitive Linguistics 7 Wierzbicka, Anna 1996 Mind: Introduction to cognitive science Oxford Oxford University Press Cognitive Linguistics ill. 24 cm"Strongly universalist" approach in the sense of Lyons believing that "there is a fixed set of semantic components, which are universal in that they are lexicalized in all language". Identifies some key primitives such as 7 Regier, Terry 1996 Transitivity, case, and grammatical relations: A cognitive grammar prospectus Cambridge, Mass. MIT Press Cognitive Linguistics Terry Regierill 24cm 7 Thagard, Paul 1996 The human semantic potential : spatial language and constrained connectionism Cambridge, Mass.; London MIT Press x, 213 p 0262201062 (alk. paper) Aberdeen ; Leeds ; Notti Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 24 cm"A Bradford book." Includes bibliographical references (p. [191]-205) and indexCRUM (Computational-Representational Understanding of Mind) - although disagreed with by many - it has provided a solid and productive research paradigm for a number of scholars. Program Mind____________________________________________data structures + mental representations +algorithms computational procedures= running programs = thinking"This has been the dominant analogy in cognitive science, although it has taken on a novel twist from the use of another analog, the brain." (p. 11) -- leading to connectionismCRUM works "with a complex three-way analogy among the mind, the brain, and computers. Mind, brain, and computation can each be used to suggest new ideas about the others." (p. 11) 7 Ungerer, Friedrich Schmid, Hans-Jörg 1996 Toward a cognitive semantics Learning about language London ; New York Longman xiv, 306 p 0582239664 UCL (University College Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 22 cmIncludes bibliographical references and index 31 Fauconnier, Gilles Sweetser, Eve 1996 The semantics and discourse function of habitual-iterative verbs in contemporary Czech Cognitive theory of language and culture Chicago ; London University of Chicago Press vi, 355 p 0226239241 (pbk); 022623 Durham ; Glasgow Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 24 cmIncludes bibliographical references and index 31 Goldberg, Adele 1996 The cognitive linguistics reader Stanford CLSI Cognitive Linguistics Includes Fauconnier 31 Taylor, John R. MacLaury, Robert E. 1995 Applied cognitive linguistics Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs ; Vol.82 Berlin De Gruyter xiii, 406p 3110143011 Trinity College Dublin Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 24cmConferenceIncludes bibliographical references and indexContents: Includes conference proceedings 7 Goldberg, Adele E. 1995 Cognitive linguistics Fauconnier, Gilles Lakoff, George Sweetser, Eve Cognitive Theory of Language and Culture Chicago University of Chicago Press Cognitive Linguistics 7 Holyoak, Keith J. Thagard, Paul 1995 Domains and connections Cambridge, Mass.; London MIT Press 000933331 Cognitive Linguistics Keith J. Holyoak and Paul Thagard31ill 23cm 7 Taylor, John R. 1995 Moving right along: A computational model of metaphoric reasoning about events Oxford Oxford University Press xiii, 312 p. 0198700121 Birmingham Cognitive Linguistics ill. ; 22 cm, pbk 0 Fesmire, Steven A. 1994 Aspects of cognitive poetics Metaphor and Symbolic Activity 9 149-154 cognitive linguistics categorization cognitive commitment cognitive semantics critique of cognitive semantics ecological situatedness embodied mind generalization commitment image schema mentalism metaphor narrative structure philosophy refut Cognitive linguistics is founded on the cardinal methodological assumption that any theory of meaning, concepts, reasoning, or language must be congruous with our most reliable empirical inquiries into the nature of human cognition. This "cognitive" commitment coincides with a "generalization" commitment (Lakoff, 1990, p. 50) whereby any satisfactory theory of these aspects of cognition must offer empirically criticizable generalizations about human conceptualization, inference, and language. What has emerged from these commitments is a view of human understanding and experience that places our ecological situatedness at its core. Because linguistic structures are studied not in isolation from, but with an acute sensitivity to our most reliable investigations into the way human beings give coherent form to their experience, cognitive linguists have been able to illuminate the way an embodied mind adjusts to its changing environment by way of shared cognitive structures, such as image schemata, categorizations, metaphors, and narrative structures. But what exactly counts as cognitive here? Some criticisms of the cognitive semantics approach to metaphor have been based on a misunderstanding of the meaning of cognitive within this orientation (e.g., Gendlin, 1991). By clarifying the nature of a cognitive approach to human understanding and experience, I would like to forestall objections that cognitive linguistics is either, on the one hand, too intellectualistic and subjectivistic, or, on the other hand, too physicalistic in its treatment of understanding and meaning. The basic objection I address is that "conceptual metaphors" are overtly conceptual - that they are "mentalistic" to the detriment of a full-blooded account.(Steven Fesmire) 7 Fauconnier, Gilles 1994 Motivation in language : studies in honor of G Cambridge; New York Cambridge University Press xlvi, 190 05214449930521449499 (pb P325 .f37 1994 Cognitive Linguistics 94006991Gilles Fauconnier.Includes bibliographical references (p.176-186) and index. 7 Gibbs, Raymond W. 1994 The cognitive perspective of "naturalist" linguistic models Cambridge; New York Cambridge University Press ix, 527 p. 0521419654 (hardback)052 P37.5.F53 G5 1994401/.9 Cognitive Linguistics Raymond W. Gibbs, Jr.24 cm.Non-figurative metaphor - used often in film where literal images have a metaphorical dimension. (|Could be seen as a parallel to performative metaphor) - p. 184"very oridanry real-world scenes can povey powerful metaphorical messages." (p. 185)"Many mainstream films employ metaphors that are embedded nonfiguratively in the 'text' of the narrative. In this way, metaphorical and litral levels of meaning are made to coexist on film to a greater degree than is thought to be the case with literary works." (p. 185) (|e.g. the diving scene in The Graduate) 7 Janda, Laura A. 1993 Blending as a central process of grammar Cognitive linguistics research ; 4 Berlin ; New York Mouton de Gruyter xiii, 225p 3110126729 Cambridge Cognitive Linguistics 24cm 7 Tabakowska, Elzbieta 1993 Cognitive linguistics today Language in performance ; 9 Tubingen G. Narr 146 p. 3823340786 British Library Cognitive Linguistics 23 cmEnglish; PolishIncludes, as examples, extracts from prose and poetry in English and Polish, with translation in the other language Includes bibliographical references (p. [135]-146) 31 Lakoff, George 1993 English grammar Ortony, Andrew Metaphor and thought, 2nd edition Cambridge Cambridge University Press. Cognitive Linguistics Summary of metaphor:The Nature of Metaphor Metaphor is the main mechanism through which we comprehend abstract concepts and perform abstract reasoning. Much subject matter, from the most mundane to the most abstruse scientific theories, can only be comprehended via metaphor. Metaphor is fundamentally conceptual, not linguistic, in nature. Metaphorical language is a surface manifestation of conceptual metaphor. Though much of our conceptual system is metaphorical, a significant part of it is nonmetaphorical. Metaphorical understanding is grounded in nonmetaphorical understanding. Metaphor allows us to understand a relatively abstract or inherently unstructured subject matter in terms of a more concrete, or at least a more highly structured subject matter. The Structure of Metaphor Metaphors are mappings across conceptual domains. Such mappings are asymmetric and partial. Each mapping is a fixed set of ontological correspondences between entities in a source domain and entities in a target domain. When those fixed correspondences are activated, mappings can project source domain inference patterns onto target domain inference patterns. Metaphorical mappings obey the Invariance Principle: The image-schema structure of the source domain is projected onto the target domain in a way that is consistent with inherent target domain structure. Mappings are not arbitrary, but grounded in the body and in everyday experience and knowledge. A conceptual system contains thousands of conventional metaphorical mappings, which form a highly structured subsystem of the conceptual system. There are two types of mappings: conceptual mappings and image- mappings; both obey the Invariance Principle. Some Aspects of Metaphor The system of conventional conceptual metaphor is mostly unconscious, automatic, and is used with no noticeable effort, just like our linguistic system and the rest of our conceptual system. Our system of conventional metaphor is alive in the same sense that our system of grammatical and phonological rules is alive; namely, it is constantly in use, automatically and below the level of consciousness. Our metaphor system is central to our understanding of experience and to the way we act on that understanding. Conventional mappings are static correspondences, and are not, in themselves, algorithmic in nature. However, this by no means rules out the possibility that such static correspondences might be used in language processing that involves sequential steps. Metaphor is mostly based on correspondences in our experiences, rather than on similarity. The metaphor system plays a major role in both the grammar and lexicon of a language. Metaphorical mappings vary in universality; some seem to be universal, others are widespread, and some seem to be culture- specific. Poetic metaphor is, for the most part, an extension of our everyday, conventional system of metaphorical thought. 7 Johnson, Mark 1993 Metaphor is like analogy Chicago University of Chicago Press Cognitive Linguistics Mark JohnsonAmazon.com reviewer: "Is it really any more insightful than the old rules? Johnson takes us up a flight of stairs only to find the door at the top locked." 31 Geiger, Richard, A. Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida 1993 Pragmatics, seen from the point of view of cognitive linguistics Cognitive linguistics research ; 3 New York Mouton de Gruyter xiv, 825 p. 3110127148 (alk. paper) British Library Cognitive Linguistics [Editor][Editor]Bibliography included ; ConferenceSelected papers. Also known as the 14th International L.A.U.D. symposium 31 Janda, Laura A. 1993 The way we think : conceptual blending and the mind's hidden complexities Maguire, R. A Timberlake, A. American Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists in Bratislava. Columbus Slavica 310-319. Cognitive Linguistics 31 Lakoff, George 1993 Word grammar Goldsmith, John The last phonological rule Chicago; London University of Chicago Press 117-146 Cognitive Linguistics Asks questions about the cognitive reality of phonological rules - questions the competence/performance distinction in light of connectionism. "neural processes occur in real time. Phonological derivations do not occur in real time, but in some 'abstract time' that cannot be put in correspondence with real time." (p. 117)"there is something wrong with the foundations of generative phonology, [and] all those orderings and cycles and principles are the products of a mistaken theory." (p. 117)Suggests an alternative to simplify phonology in litght of connectionism and the workings of the brain"On thing that connectionist models do naturally is characterize cross-dimensional correlations. Those of us working in cognitive grammar have found that really complex syntax (of the 'non-core' variety, which is most of syntax) becomes tractable if it formulated in terms of direct correlations--called 31 Lakoff, George 1992 English word grammar P Thirty years of linguistic evolution : studies in honour of Rene Dirven on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday Philadelphia John Benjamins 463-482 Cognitive Linguistics 7 Wierzbicka, Anna 1992 Language and the cognitive construal of the world Oxford University Press Cognitive Linguistics 1ill 23cm 7 Tsur, Reuven 1992 Word power : phrasal verbs and compounds ; a cognitive approach Amsterdam ; New York North-Holland 0444889965 British Library Cognitive Linguistics Bibliography included 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 1991 Moral politics: what conservatives know that liberals don't Stanford, Calif. Stanford University Press 608 p 0804738521 (pbk) National Library of Scot Cognitive Linguistics Descriptive application23 cm 0 Lakoff, George 1991 Word grammar Language and communication 11 53-62 Cognitive Linguistics 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 1990 Cognitive phonology Cognitive linguistics research ; 1 Berlin ; New York Mouton de Gruyter x, 395 0899257240 (U.S. acid-fr 2253294 P165 .L35 1990415 Cognitive Linguistics 90048063Ronald W. Langacker.Includes bibliographical references (p. [367]-381) and index. 7 Sweetser, Eve 1990 Cognitive linguistics : an introduction Cambridge studies in linguistics ; 54 Cambridge Cambridge University Press xi, 174p 0521324068 Bristol ; Cambridge ; Du Cognitive Linguistics 24cmBibliography: p229 0 Fauconnier, Gilles 1990 Cognitive linguistics Cognitive Linguistics 1 151-174 Cognitive Linguistics connections between spaces domain mental space theory multiple mapping One striking formal characteristic of cognitive semantics is its emphasis on mappings and correspondences between domains, as opposed to rules and logical representations restricted to sentences. While language undeniably has structure of its own, it also links up in essential ways with other cognitively motivated structures and central features of language organization depend on such links. The present paper presents more evidence for the important role played by domain mapping in basic understanding. Various kinds of previously unnoticed counterfactual constructions are examined in this light, along with cognitive operators such as 'when'. Matching conditions imposed by constructions on connected spaces are studied. They provide the basis for a realistic account of generalized inference and partial truth assignment from a cognitive perspective.(Gilles Fauconnier) 0 Geeraerts, Dirk 1990 Cognitive models in language and thought : ideology, metaphors and meanings Cognitive Linguistics 1 Cognitive Linguistics 0 Dressler, Wolfgang U. 1990 Grounding : the epistemic footing of deixis and reference Cognitive Linguistics 1 75-98 Cognitive Linguistics 7 Hudson, Richard 1990 Mappings in thought and language Oxford Basil Blackwell Cognitive Linguistics 24cmIn introduction distinguishes and describes 8 trends (sometimes conflicting) that emerged in the 1980s:lexicalism, wholism, trans-constructionism, poly-constructionism, relationism, mono-stratalism, cognitivism, implementationismp. 8 On cognitivism: "cognitivism has Generally involved an emphasis on the fuzziness and open-endedness of language, in reaction against what is seen as the unrealistically neat picture offered by most linguistic theories. One result of this stress on fuzziness has been a lack of a clear research paradigm for those who are sympathetic with the General principles but who still want to write grammars." But there are many benefits, e.g. push towards lexicalism, poly-constructionism, and prototypes. --- prototype theory and cognitivism are closely linkedp. 9 On Chomsky: "The only way of proving anything about the necessity of a uniquely linguistic analysis is by trying very hard to do the opposite. Success refutes the hypothesis, but failure can be interpreted either as support for the hypothesis, or as evidence that one has not tried hard enough." 0 Lakoff, George 1990 Mental leaps: analogy in creative thought Cognitive Linguistics 1 39-74 cognitive linguistics abstract reasoning cognitive semantics cognitive topology conceptual metaphor theory image schema imagistic reasoning inference pattern invariance hypothesis LIB I view cognitive linguistics as defined by the commitment to characterize the full range of linguistic generalizations while being faithful to empirical discoveries about the nature of the mind/brain.The Invariance Hypothesis is a proposed general principle intended to characterize a broad range or regularities in both our conceptual and linguistic systems. Given that all metaphorical mappings are partial, the Invariance Hypothesis claims that the portion of the source domain structure that is mapped preserves cognitive topology (though, of course, not all the cognitive topology of the source domain need be mapped). Since the cognitive topology of image schemas determines their inference patterns, the Invariance Hypothesis claims that imagistic reasoning patterns are mapped onto abstract reasoning patterns via metaphorical mappings. It entails that at least some (and perhaps all) abstract reasoning is a metaphorical version of image-based reasoning.The data covered by the Invariance Hypothesis includes the metaphorical understanding of time, states, events, actions, purposes, means, causes, modalities, linear scales, and categories. Because the source domains of these metaphorical concepts are structured by image schemas, the Invariance Hypothesis suggests that reasoning involving these concepts is fundamentally image-based. This includes the subject matter of Boolean, scalar, modal, temporal, and causal reasoning. These cases cover such a large range of abstract reasoning that the question naturally arises as to whether all abstract human reasoning is a metaphorical version of imagistic reasoning. I see this as a major question for future research in cognitive linguistics.(George Lakoff) 0 Wierzbicka, Anna 1990 The ecology of constructions Cognitive Linguistics 1 99-150 Cognitive Linguistics 0 Frank, Arthur W. 1990 What is cognitive poetics? Theory, Culture and Society 7 131-62 Cognitive Linguistics Experientialism Review Overview of body-related research in the 1980s relevant for new sociology Sorts books into 4 categories:1. The medicalized bodyreviews books on medical practices and social vs. medical aspects of disease2. The sexual bodyReviews two books one on "The sexual lives of an Amazonian people" and the other on collection of articles on postmodern sexuality in the US in "postmodern America, the natives are now writing their own ethnography" which are more similar than might be expected3. The disciplined bodyCompares several books on diets (anorexia) and visions of own body4. The talking bodyReview of Lakoff 1987 and Johnson 1987 - suggests that Johnson can be read first as an introduction to the ideas in LakoffSees the value of this research "in resolution of the Objectivist/relativist dichotomy." ... "If understanding and knowledge are projections of embodied image shcamta, then they are clearly multivocal, not univocal. But because bodily experience is shared -- we all experience balance, force, containment, and many, but not infinitely many, other bases of metaphor -- there is a basis for mutual understanding. The demise of Objectivism need not be rootless, anarchic, nihilistic relativism. It seems to me this was what Nietzsche was trying to establish, and what Foucault needed but never found as a philosophic basis of his politics." (p. 158) 7 Lakoff, George Turner, Mark 1989 A suggestion for a linguistics with connectionist foundations Chicago ; London University of Chicago Press xii, 230p 0226468127 (pbk); 022646 Birmingham Cognitive Linguistics 23cm, casedBibliography: p219-220. - Includes index 31 Lakoff, George 1988 Constructions: A construction grammar approach to argument structure Proceedings of the Connectionist Models Summer School San Mateo, CA Morgan Kaufmann 301-314 Cognitive Linguistics 31 Langacker, Ronald W. 1988 Contemporary theory of metaphor Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida Topics in cognitive linguistics Amsterdam Benjamins Cognitive Linguistics 31 Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida 1988 Foundations of cognitive grammar Amsterdam studies in the theory and history of linguistic science. Series 4, Current issues in linguistic theory ; v.50 Amsterdam Benjamins 704p 9027235449 British Library Cognitive Linguistics Includes bibliography 7 Johnson, Mark 1987 Conceptualizations and mental processing in language Chicago ; London University of Chicago Press xxxviii, 233p 0226403173; 0226403181 ( Aberdeen ; Birmingham ; Cognitive Linguistics ill ; 24cmIncludes index 7 Lakoff, George 1987 Conceptual structure, discourse and language Chicago University of Chicago Press xvii, 614 0226468038 1163574 P37 .L344 1987401/.9 Cognitive Linguistics 86019136GB87-48861George Lakoff.Bibliography: p. 589-600.Includes indexes. 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 1987 Cognitive versus generative linguistics: How commitments influence results Stanford, Calif. Stanford University Press 2v. 0804712611 (v. 1 alk. pa 1207948 P165 .L36 1987415 Cognitive Linguistics 84051300Ronald W. Langacker.Bibliography: v. 1, p. 495-504.Includes index.v. 1. Theoretical prerequisites -- v. 2. Descriptive application. 7 Wells, Gordon 1987 Linguistic categorization London Hodder and Stoughton Cognitive Linguistics Starts with quoting Chomsky "language is a window on the mind" interpreting this: "by studying regularities of the sentences that a speaker of a language can produce or understand...we can discover the nature of knowledge that he or she must possess, and from that we can draw conclusions about the workings of the mind itself." describing this as "Heady stuff for someone concerned with the education of young children." (p. ix) Before outlining research talks about stories and facts - it is important how the stories fit the facts.Describes a large-scale longitudinal study in the UK (Bristol) on child language development between 1 and 10.Concludes with:"We are the meaning makers--every one of us: children, parents, and teachers. To try to make sense, to construct stories, and to share them with others in speech and in writing is an essential part of being human. For those of us who are more knowledgeable and more mature--parents and teachers--the responsibility is clear: to interact with those in our care in such as way as to foster and enrich 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 1987 Metaphors and war: The metaphor system used to justify war in the gulf Linguistic Agency, University of Duisburg Cognitive Linguistics 7 Turner, Mark 1987 The experience of space: The privileged role of spatial prefixation in Czech and Russian Chicago ; London University of Chicago Press xi, 208p 0226817210 (cased); 0226 Birmingham ; Edinburgh ; Cognitive Linguistics 23cmBibliography includedBibliography: p197-204 Includes index 7 Hudson, Richard 1984 Mental spaces: aspects of meaning construction in natural language Oxford Basil Blackwell Cognitive Linguistics Richard Hudsonill 24cm 7 Rudzka-Ostyn, Brygida 1983 Concept, image, and symbol: the cognitive basis of grammar Paper / Linguistic Agency University of Trier ; nr. 109, Series A Trier L. A. U. T. Edinburgh Cognitive Linguistics 7 Langacker, Ronald W. 1983 The Invariance Hypothesis: Is abstract reason based on image-schemas? Bloomington, Ind. Indiana University Linguistics Club v, 294 979060 P291415 Cognitive Linguistics Ronald W. Langacker.Preliminary version of the first two chapters of a projected monograph.Bibliography: p. [289]-294. 7 Tsur, Reuven 1982 Topics in cognitive linguistics Papers in cognitive poetics ; 1 Tel-Aviv Katz Research Institute for Hebrew Literature 52p British Library Cognitive Linguistics 7 Lakoff, George Johnson, Mark 1980 Moral imagination : implications of cognitive science for ethics Chicago University of Chicago Press xiii, 242 0226468011 P106 .l235 Cognitive Linguistics 80010783George Lakoff and Mark Johnson.Bibliography: p. 241-242. 7 Lakoff, George Harvard University. Computation Laboratory., 1965 The body in the mind : the bodily basis of meaning, imagination, and reason [Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University 1 v. (various pagings) 2636660 P291 Cognitive Linguistics Report No. NSF-16 to The National Science Foundation of Mathematical Linguistics and Automatic Translation; Anthony G. Oettinger, principal investigator; Harvard University, The Computation Laboratory. 31 An introduction to cognitive linguistics 31 Bringing the bodies back in: A decade review 31 Cognitive dimensions of social science 31 Člověk a jazykový obraz (přirozeného) světa 31 Cross-cultural pragmatics : the semantics of human interaction 31 Ideological imagination: Intertextual and correlational metaphors in political discourse 31 Kognitivně-kulturní inspirace z 31 Literární mysl: O původu myšlení a jazyka 31 Semantics, culture, and cognition : universal human concepts in culture-specific configurations 31 Semantics: primes and universals 31 The literary mind 31 The relation between experience, conceptual structure and meaning 31 The meaning makers : children learning language and using language to learn 31 The meaning of colour terms: Semantics, culture, and cognition 31 The cost of renovating the property: A reply to Marina Rakova 31 Understanding cultures through their key words : English, Russian, Polish, German, and Japanese 31 What is "cognitive" about cognitive linguistics?